2020 in review

2020 number blocks become 2021

Doing a quick review of 2020, and wow! what a year it has been!

Our 2020 projects included:
– #Policing and racial profiling
– Algorithmic bias and racism in #recruitment
– Training employers and recruiters to address barriers for migrant women applicants
– Integration programme design and evaluation training with local authorities and civil society orgs
– The impact of digital skills on #refugee integration
– Labour market assessments for pathway refugees
– The impact of #Covid19 on local integration programmes
– Rights awareness for people in the #InternationalProtection Process
– Supporting advocacy by #Disabled Peoples’ Organisations
– Racist incident reporting analysis
– Hate crime and #hatespeech briefings ahead of the new legislation
– Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey analysis with reference to #BlackLivesMatter (launch Jan 2021!)

So many exciting and valuable projects, great co-investigators and co-authors, and much to look forward to in 2021.

We are so privileged to have worked for and with such amazing people this year, and look forward to sharing more of our work with you in 2021!

#inclusionanddiversity #inclusionmatters #equality #humanrights #diversity #inclusion

Eight New Commission Members Proposed for the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission

I am delighted to share the news today at last that I am one of 8 proposed appointments to the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.

The list of nominees includes people I very much respect and look forward to learning from, and I am very pleased to be named amongst them.

Racism in Ireland is not ‘casual’.

I worry that the subject of much Irish media discussion of Black Lives Matter in Ireland, in reference to experiences of racism here,  has been described as ‘casual racism’ (e.g. @rteliveline). ‘Casual’ racism sounds not that bad to a person who has not experienced racism, when in fact it is hugely damaging to people to experience it every single day of their lives.

If you’ve experienced everyday racism, you’ll know that it can change the things you do everyday, how you get to school/work, where you shop, who you see, how you dress, how you speak. For kids AND adults, it can be deeply traumatic. 

Racism may be ‘everyday’, and it may not always involved physical violence, but the pain of these repeated experiences have been shown by science to be equivalent to physical injuries. That’s why they are so important to the people who experience them regularly.

Read more about the science of pain and racism here

The produced tone of this media conversation as ‘casual racism’ is also dangerous because it denies the violence that goes on here in Ireland experienced by people too scared to describe it to journalists, too afraid to go to protests.

Working with the Irish Network Against Racism on the racist incident reporting system, I know firsthand how many people are afraid to tell their stories without anonymity. Those stories are told in the reports we publish regularly at

The violence that we report included 50 serious physical assaults last year, and that’s just the ones that were reported to in 2019. As well as that, there were sexual assaults, incidents of arson, threat to life, theft and extensive discrimination.

A high proportion of violence, as well as discrimination, is perpetrated by staff in public authorities including schools, councils and An Garda Siochana. Racial profiling and violence by Gardai are amongst the issues we have raised with the Policing Authority and with the Commission on the Future of Policing in Ireland.

And that’s before we get to the failures to protect victims of hate crime. Failures to address hate crime meant that the deaths of teenager Toyosi Shittabey and taxi-driver Moses Ebohon Ikpefua have not met justice. 

Other forms of violence and neglect that result in death are found in institutions that particularly affect migrants, including Direct Provision. Lack of care by the Irish state means the causes of a third of deaths in Direct Provision are not known at all, because no investigations are carried out. The @DeptJusticeIRL do not ask.…

We know very few of the names of people who have died in Direct Provision, but those we do know about reinforce everything we know about this system and how it kills its residents.Emmanuel Marcel Landa, a Congolese former diplomat, died in Direct Provision of heart problems after a heart attack during deportation. He had been in DP for 7 years. #

Tahir Mahmood died, aged 48, leaving behind a wife and 2 kids in Direct Provision. He was known to need a diet adapted for a medical condition, and was not given it. He had been refused help to get appropriate access to hospital repeatedly during his time in DP. 

In 2016, a Korean woman took her own life in Direct Provision leaving behind a 5 year old son, believing he would be better off without her. We don’t know her name. 

Sylva Tukula, a transgender woman forced to live in a male-only Direct Provision centre, died and was buried without her friends being notified about the funeral. 

There are no names available for most of the people who have died in Direct Provision. We do not know how many of them died. We do know that many of the medical causes are likely to be directly related to the level of care they received in Direct Provision. 

Many of the protests this week referenced the American cases, but many Irish people still don’t know the names of the deceased Toyosi Shittabey, Moses Ebohon Ikpefua, Emanuel Marcel Landa, Tahir Mahmood or Sylva Tutula. 

But as well as the deceased we know of, there are thousands of victims of racist violence in Ireland who have no justice for what they experience because of ineffective policing of hate crime, fear of retaliation, and inadequate supports for victims. 

It’s not good enough to only talk about Black Lives in the USA without educating ourselves on what is happening here. Below are a few links if you’d like to learn more about the brutality of racism, including racist policing, in Ireland and across Europe.

Here’s the @INARIreland submission to the Commission on the Future of Policing which shows why hate crimes don’t get justice here in Ireland.…

Here’s a report from @HHRGatUL on what happens to hate crimes if they get reported to the Gardai…

Here’s the @FacingFactsEU report on Ireland’s failure to address hate crime…

Here’s the Irish civil society report to the @UN Committee on Racism which details racial profiling and its effects…

Here’s a report from @ENAREurope that details institutional racism in the criminal justice system in Ireland…

It didn’t just happen… police brutality and media reporting

Marcia Rigg’s brother Sean Rigg lost his life in the UK, after British police restrained him in a prone position for 7 minutes. She is fighting to shed light on police aggression in the UK. But the fight against racism is made more difficult if we continue to describe things as happening to Black people in police custody instead of being done to them.

Marcia Rigg’s brother Sean Rigg lost his life in the UK, after British police restrained him in a prone position for 7 minutes. She is fighting to shed light on police aggression in the UK. Her story was featured in Elle magazine this month.

But the fight against racism is made more difficult if we continue to describe things as happening to Black people in police custody instead of being done to them. 

Elle magazine has made significant efforts recently to give exposure to Black women and their experiences, but like many media outlets, the magazine demonstrates how ‘normal’ media discourses actually lend to the blaming of Black people for their oppression.

The leading sentence in this article says ‘an encounter with British police saw him restrained in a prone position for 7 minutes’. It should say ‘British police restrained him in a prone position for 7 minutes’. He did not restrain himself, and he certainly couldn’t have done so for a full 7 minutes.

Regardless of any cause for the encounter, Sean Rigg was not responsible for the brutality meted out by police in that encounter. To understand the scale of the task we are facing, we must use language that shows Black people are not responsible for the level of violence & control that they are subject to in the UK. Overpoliced & underprotected, still, in 2020.

It doesn’t matter why Sean Rigg was detained, but because it is such a common reason, I want to highlight it. The Guardian reported, “Rigg had been in the grip of a mental health crisis in 2008 and was behaving erratically, aiming karate kicks at passersby in south London, when police were called. He was restrained by officers and taken to Brixton police station, where he died.”

It is incredibly common for minorities experiencing mental health problems (themselves aggravated by racism) to be treated violently by police. Just take a look at the Institute of Race Relations reports on death in custody, and how many happen because of brutal treatment of people already in need of urgent medical care.

The officers were accused of failing to identify & treat Rigg as mentally ill, excessive use of restraint AND giving false evidence to the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) and an inquest into Rigg’s death. Despite ALL that, AND an inquest ruling in 2012 that the way he had been restrained “more than minimally” contributed to his death, Scotland Yard dismissed misconduct charges against 5 officers.

There are so many deaths in custody in the UK, the @guardian actually has a whole section dedicated to the subject.

Newly published: Immigrants as Outsiders in the two Irelands

Edited by Bryan Fanning and Lucy Michael


  • Format: Paperback
  • ISBN: 978-1-5261-4559-8
  • Pages: 272
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • Price: £20.00
  • Published Date: July 2019

Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands examines how a wide range of immigrant groups who settled in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland since the 1990s are faring today. It asks to what extent might different immigrant communities be understood as outsiders in both jurisdictions. Chapters include analyses of the specific experiences of Polish, Filipino, Muslim, African, Roma, refugee and asylum seeker populations and of the experiences of children, as well as analyses of the impacts of education, health, employment, housing, immigration law, asylum policy, the media and the contemporary politics of borders and migration on successful integration. The book is aimed at general readers interested in understanding immigration and social change and at students in areas including sociology, social policy, human geography, politics, law and psychology.


1. Immigrants and other Outsiders – Bryan Fanning and Lucy Michael
2. Traveller health inequalities as legacies of exclusion – Ronnie Fay
3. Sectarian legacies and the marginalisation of migrants – Bethany Waterhouse-Bradley
4. Institutional responses to racism in both Irelands – Bryan Fanning and Lucy Michael
5. African asylum seekers and refugees in both Irelands – Fiona Murphy and Ulrike M. Vieten
6. African non-employment and labour market disadvantage – Philip O’Connell
7. Lives of Filipino-Irish careworkers – Pablo Rojas Coppari
8. Polish spaces in a divided city – Marta Kempny
9. Experiences of racism in social housing – Teresa Buczkowska and Bríd Ni Chonaill
10. Roma rights and racism – Siobhan Curran
11. Normalising racism in the Irish media – Lucy Michael
12 Children and young people on the margins – Patricia Brazil, Catherine Cosgrave and Katie Mannion
13 Immigrant-origin children and the education system – Merike Darmody and Frances McGinnity
14. Young Muslims as insiders and outsiders – Orla McGarry
15 Brexit, borders and belonging – Bryan Fanning
16. Hyphenated citizens as outsiders – Bashir Otukoya
17 Shades of belonging and exclusion – Bryan Fanning and Lucy Michael
Select bibliography

Further details at